Scar on woman's shoulder


An injury, accident, or surgery can leave a noticeable reminder on your skin. If it’s prominent, it can also make you feel self-conscious.

When your skin is injured, your body generates new tissue to repair the damage. This thickened tissue forms scars.

Did you know there are different types of scars? 

Scar on woman's shoulder

Scars Range in Size and Overall Appearance

Flat Scars

Thin, flat scars do not usually cause a lot of physical or emotional distress once they are healed. However, they can grow wider if they are located in areas where there is constant movement, such as your knee. 


Unlike flat scars, keloid scars are puffy and stick out from the surrounding skin. In some cases, they cause itching and discomfort. Keloids are often difficult to treat with over-the-counter remedies.

Hypertrophic Scars

These scars look similar to keloids and are typically raised and red. But unlike keloids, they do not spread outside of the injury site. 

Burn Scars

Severe burns not only take a long time to heal from. They can create permanent scars called contractures, in which substantial tissue loss has occurred. 

Scars Can Disrupt the Smoothness and Tone of Your Skin

Illustration of different scar typesIllustration of different scar types

Scars are patches of thickened, new skin that your body produces as a part of the natural healing process.

Your Age and the Location On Your Body Can Affect How You Scar

In general, younger people heal faster than older people since their skin produces collagen at a quicker rate. 

The location of your injury can also determine how fast or slowly the scar heals. If the injury occurs on your knee or elbow where movement is constant, it can spread over time

Some Scars Are Not Caused by Accidents

Chicken Pox

Most chicken pox scars are small, but can make you feel self-conscious if they are on a very visible area such as your face. 


Although your doctor will work carefully to close incisions, a medically necessary procedure such as a C-section or orthopedic surgery can leave visible scarring.

Acne Scars

Small lesions left behind by acne usually heal quickly, but deeper breaks in your pore walls can create deep scars that are not as smooth as your surrounding skin.

A Visual Screening Can Help Your Doctor Determine the Best Treatment

A simple visual exam will reveal what type of scar you have and what the best treatment options are. 

It is important to see a doctor before attempting any treatments on your own because certain types of skin cancer can resemble scars. An exam can help rule out any abnormalities

Doctor examining patient's hand
An exam can help to rule out abnormalities.

Properly Caring for Your Wound Can Promote Healing and Minimize Scarring

Your body begins healing as soon as your injury happens, so taking good care of your wound is the best way to prevent noticeable scarring. To reduce the appearance of a scar, be sure to:

Keep Your Skin Clean

Guard against germs and bacteria, which can cause infection and compromise healing, by washing your wound with soap and water as needed. 

Moisturize the Area

By covering your injury site in petroleum jelly, you can prevent the area from getting too dry and forming a scab.

Protect the Wound

Use an adhesive bandage to prevent additional damage. Make sure to change it daily.

When in doubt, see your doctor so they can determine whether you need stitches. Cuts that are too deep to be treated at home can become infected or heal poorly without proper medical care.

There Are Many Treatment Options, and Some Are Highly Effective

“A board-certified dermatologist has the training and experience required to tell you:

– What type(s) of scar you have
– If a scar is likely to fade with time
– When to treat the scar to get the best results
– What treatment is recommended.”
American Academy of Dermatology Association

Laser and Light Therapy: Highly Effective Yet Gentle

Some of the most sought-after treatments for scarring are laser and light therapies. These non-invasive procedures are very effective and could dramatically reduce the size and shape of your scar. Treatment boasts a 70 percent success rate for reducing keloids and hypertrophic scars.

Close-up of laser scar removalClose-up of laser scar removal
Laser therapy is particularly effective for treating keloids and hypertrophic scars.

See a Doctor to Discuss Your Options

Although treatment does not guarantee that your scar will disappear completely, it can give you peace of mind knowing that you are actively working towards reducing its appearance. A doctor can evaluate your unique condition and determine which treatment will be most effective. To get started, schedule a consultation

Dr. Brownrigg

Dr. Peter Brownrigg

Dr. Brownrigg has focused on facial plastic surgery since 1984. He is affiliated with a range of prestigious organizations, including:

  • American Academy of Facial Plastic Surgery
  • Canadian Academy of Facial Plastic Surgery
  • Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada
  • Board Certified by the American Board of Facial Plastic Surgery
  • Has acted as the Canadian Region Vice President of the American Academy of Facial Plastic Surgery
  • Has acted as the treasurer and president of the Canadian Society of Otolaryngology/Head & Neck Surgery
  • American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • Canadian Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • Ontario Medical Association

For more information about the services we offer, contact our office online or call (613) 706-6919 today.

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Dr. Brownrigg has been focusing exclusively on facial plastic surgery since 1984!